(This is a BC chart and AC chart I found on the internet to help me with my above
- Cain's first child, Enoch, was born. Enoch fathered sons
and daughters. No dates or years were given in the line of Cain. Many
discoveries and inventions were ascribed to the mental activity of Cain's
- Seth was born to Adam and Eve. Seth lived 912 years and
fathered sons and daughters. Seth carried on Adam's godly family line.
- Cain's first grandchild, Irad, son of Enoch was born.
- Seth's first son, Enos, was born. Enos lived 905 years and
fathered sons and daughters. According to Arabian tradition Enos
prohibited intermarriages with the Cainites (descendants of Cain).
- Cain's great grandchild, Mehujael, son of Irad was born.
- Seth's first grandchild, Cainan, son of Enos was born.
Cainan lived 910 years and fathered sons and daughters. (The Arabians have
a tradition respecting Cainan that he held universal empire, and was
celebrated for his wisdom and miraculous powers.)
- Cain's great-great grandchild, Methusael, son of Mehujael
- Seth's great grandchild, Mahalaleel, son of Cainan was
born. Mahalaleel lived 895 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Cain's great-great-great grandchild, Lamech, son of
Methusael was born. (Lamech married two wives making him the first
polygamist on record.)
- Seth's great-great grandchild, Jared, son of Mahalaleel
was born. Jared lived 962 years and fathered sons and daughters.
(According to an ancient Arabian tradition Jared was the first of the line
of Seth who broke through the command of Enos, which prohibited
intermarriage with the Cainites that tended greatly to the obliteration of
every moral and religious principle. Genesis 6:1-2
- Lamech's children were born: Tubal-cain (" He was a
furbisher of every cutting instrument of copper and iron." The "VULCAN" of
the Greeks.) Gen. 4:22, Jabal (father of cattle men.) Gen 4:20, Jubal
(father of all who handle the harp and organ.) Gen. 4:21 and Naamah (a
daughter whose name means loveliness.)
- Intermarriage of the godly descendants of Seth and the
ungodly descendants of Cain began. Genesis 6:1-2
- Immorality, violence and godlessness increased.
- Adam, Seth, Enoch, Cainan, Mahalaleel and Jarad continued
communicating with their descendants.
- Adam talked with Seth 800 years, with Enos 695 years,
Cainan 605 years, Mahalaeel 535 years, Jared 470 years, Enoch 308 years,
Methuselah 243 years and with Lamech 56 years.
- Seth's great-great-great grandchild, Enoch, son of Jared
was born. Enoch lived 365 years and fathered sons and daughters. ("The
Arabian name of Enoch is Edris, and their traditions of him are that he
was an eminent astronomer, mathematician and prophet of God.")
- Seth's great-great-great-great grandchild, Methuselah, son
of Enoch was born. Methuselah lived 969 years, making him the oldest of
the ancient ones, and the oldest man to ever live. (Methuselah's name
means, "At his death, it will come." Methuselah died the year of the
flood.) Methuselah fathered sons and daughters.
- After Methuselah's birth, the Bible records that Enoch
developed an especially close relationship with God leading to his
translation to heaven at the age of 365. "And Enoch walked with God 365
years and begat sons and daughters," Gen. 5:22 "And he was not for God
took him." Gen. 5:24
- The marriage of brother and sister was common until
prohibited by the Law of Moses in 1491 B.C.
- "It is said of Seth and his posterity that they were very
good and virtuous, and very happy, without any considerable misfortunes
for seven generations." Josephus
- "Seth and his posterity were the inventors of that
peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies and
their order." Josephus
- The Cainites held greater and greater influence over the
godly descendants of Seth as intermarriage became more and more pervasive.
- Violence, debauchery and immorality characterized a
growing percentage of human society. Gen. 6:1-2,4-5, 11
- Seth's great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Lamech,
son of Methuselah was born. Lamech lived 777 years and fathered sons and
daughters. Lamech was the first man on record who died a natural death
before his father. Lamech was able to talk with Adam 56 years (He learned
of the Garden of Eden, etc., directly.), his grandsons Japheth, Shem and
Ham 98 years, and thus became the intervening link that could bring the
eyewitness history from the "Creation" to the death of Shem after the
flood. This was a period of 2158 years.
- Methuselah talked with Seth 355 years, Enos 453 years,
Cainan 548 years, Mahalaleel 603 years, Jared 735 years and with Enoch 300
- Adam died at the age of 930. (3474 B.C.)
- Enoch was translated in 3017 B.C. at the age of 365.
- Seth died at the age of 912. (2962 B.C.)
- Seth's great-great-great-great-great-great grandchild,
Noah, son of Lamech was born. Noah lived 905 years and fathered three
- Enos died at the age of 905. (2864B.C.)
- With intermarriage now common, the Cainites held pervasive
influence over the godly descendants of Seth. High moral, social and
religious principles were fast becoming extinct.
- Violence, debauchery and immorality now characterized
almost the entirety of human society. Gen. 6:11
- Noah talked with Cainan 179 years, Mahalaleel 243 years,
Jared 366 years and with Lamech 595 years.
- Cainan died at the age of 910. (2769 B.C.)
- Mahalaleel died in 2714 B.C. at the age of 895.
- Wickedness continued to increase. The great ages of the
people allowed for an unparalleled pool of united experience, appetite and
imagination applied to any given pursuit.
- Jared died at the age of 962. (2582 B.C.)
- Society essentially became corrupt. Only a few godly
- Noah's sons were born. Shem the elder son carried on
Seth's godly line. Shem lived 600 years and fathered five sons. Shem was
98 at the time of the flood. Gen. 10:21 Japheth, the middle son, fathered
seven sons. And Ham, the younger son, fathered four sons. Gen. 9:24
- Noah was called to build the ark and warn of the coming
flood. (Circa. 2466 B.C.) Gen. 6
- Noah began 120 years of prophesying about the coming
flood. God asked him to conduct this warning for humanity.
- Lamech died five years before the flood at the age of 777.
- Methuselah died shortly before the flood at the age of
969. (2348 B.C.)
- The ark was completed. (Circa. 2348 B.C.) Gen. 7
- The 120 years of warning came to an end. Gen. 7
- The flood deluged the earth. (2348 B.C.) Gen. 7 (Noah and
his family were in the ark one year and ten days. They entered in 2348
B.C. and exited in 2347 B.C.) The Deluge: Different Dates Assigned: Usher
and English Bible, 2348 B.C.; Hebrew Bible, 2288 B.C.; Playfair Bible,
2352 B.C.; Clinton Bible, 2482 B.C.; Samaritan Pent, 2998 B.C.; Josephus,
3146 B.C.; Dr. Hales, 3155 B.C.; Septuagint, 3246 B.C.
- Meat, grain and vegetables were given to humanity as food
items. Gen 9:2-4
- Murder was forbidden. Gen 9:5
- Death penalty for murder, by either animals or humans,
instated. Gen. 9:5-6
- The rainbow covenant was instated. God covenanted with
humanity and the animal kingdom to never again destroy the earth by flood.
The first rainbow was seen. Gen. 8:21-22 and Gen. 9:8-17
- Noah's three sons, Shem, Japheth and Ham began to
repopulate the earth.
- Shem had four of his five sons: Arphaxad, who lived 438
years and carried on Seth's godly family line, then Elam, then Asshur
"Builder of Nineveh" and finally Lud. Gen. 10:11
- Japheth had three of his seven sons: Comer, Magog and
Madai. (No dates or years are given for Japheth's descendants.)
- Ham had four sons: Cush, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. (No
dates or years are given for Ham's descendants.)
- Shem's first grandchild, Salah, son of Arphaxad was born.
Salah lived 433 years, and carried on Seth's godly posterity. He fathered
a number of sons and daughters.
- Ham's first grandchild, Nimrod (also known as Izdhubar),
son of Cush was born. Nimrod founded Babylon (or Chaldea, the capital was
Ur). The Tower of Babel was started. ("The Tower of Babel" the probable
"Temple of Jupiter Belus" in Babylon was seen and described by Herodotus
in 440 B.C. It was a quarter of a mile square at the base and in eight
stories rose 650 feet high.) Gen.10:10
- Shem's fifth son, Aram, was born. Aram had four sons. Gen.
- Shem's great grandchild, Eber (or Heber), son of Salah was
born. Eber lived 464 years and fathered two sons.
- Ham's second and third grandchildren were born. Sidon
founded Sidon (the Sidonians and Ammonites) and Heth, the sons of Cannan.
- The destruction of the Tower of Babel caused the
dispersion of Babylon's population, sending it to the ends of the earth.
It was 101 years from the flood to the "Confusion of Tongues" and the
"Dispersion." (2247 B.C.) Gen. 11:1-9
- (Exaggerated Chronologies. "Exaggerated chronologies are
common to a large number of nations. Critical examination has (in all
cases but one) demonstrated their fallacy; and the many myriads of years
postulated for their past civilization and history by the Babylonians,
Assyrians, Hindus, Chinese, and others have been shown to be pure fiction,
utterly unworthy of belief. Cuneiform scholars confidently place the
beginning of Babylon about B.C. 2300, of Assyria about B.C. 1500. The best
Arian scholars place the dawn of the Iran civilization about B.C. 1500, of
India about B.C. 1200. Chinese investigators can find nothing solid or
substantial in the past of the 'Celestials' earlier than B.C. 781, or, at
the furthest B.C. 1154." Rawlinson (The "Temple of Jupiter Belus" was
named by Nebuchadnezzar. "The Temple of the Seven Lights of the Earth" at
Borsippa-Barzipa. ie, Tower of Tongues, located eleven miles from the
north ruins of Babylon was described thus by Nebuchadnezzar in the "Borsippa
Inscription." "A former king built it, but he did not complete its head.
SINCE A REMOTE TIME PEOPLE HAD ABANDONED IT, WITHOUT ORDER EXPRESSING
THEIR WORDS. Since that time the earthquake and the thunder had dispersed
its sun-dried clay; the bricks of the casing had been split, and the ear
of the interior had been scattered in heaps. Merodach, the great lord,
excited my mind to repair this building. I did not change the site, nor
did I take away the foundation stone. As it had been in former times, so I
founded, I made it as it had been in ancient days, so I exalted its
summit." Smith's Bible Dictionary.)
- Shem's great-great grandchild, Peleg, son of Eber was
born. Peleg's name means, "division." "During his lifetime the people of
the world were divided into different language groups and dispersed" Gen
10:24 Peleg lived 239 years and fathered sons and daughters. His brother's
name was Joktan. Joktan had 13 sons.)
- The descendants of Japheth dispersed, populating Greece,
Parthia, Russia and northern Europe.
- Javan, son of Japheth settled Greece or Ionia. (Attica,
Arcadia and Sparta) (The Greeks are said to have been the descendants of
Javan, the fourth son of Japheth.)
- The descendants of Ham dispersed, populating Africa and
- Mizraim or Egypt began to be established. (First through
sixth Dynasties) (Old Empire or Native Dynasties 2450 B.C. or 2250 B.C. to
about 1750 B.C.)
- The descendants of Canaan settled Phoenicia or Canaan.
(The city of Sidon was early celebrated for its textile fabrics, and Tyre
for its commerce in purple. The people were the most eminent navigators
and traders of antiquity. From Phoenicia came the original Roman
- The descendants of Shem dispersed forming the Semetic
people of the Middle East, including the Arabs and the nation of Israel.
- Shem's great-great-great grandchild, Reu, son of Peleg was
born. Reu lived 239 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Fohi (or Yao) founded China. He was supposed to be the
Noah of the Bible. Chinese historians state that Fohi was a divine
personage and that he invented a symbolic mode of writing. He also
invented music, dressmaking and the custom of sacrificing at the
solstices. First Dynasty, Hiah began. (2240 B.C.)
- Ninth Dynasty of Thebes began. (Date not known)
- Shem's great-great-great-great grandchild, Serug, son of
Reu was born. Serug lived 230 years and fathered sons and daughters.
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great grandchild, Nahor,
son of Serug was born. Nahor lived 148 years and fathered sons and
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great-great grandchild,
Terah, son of Nahor was born. Terah lived 205 years. Terah had three sons.
- Shem's great-great-great-great-great-great-great
grandchildren, Haran and Nahor, sons of Terah were born. Haran and
- Nahor were the brothers of Abraham.
- Nahor, son of Serug died at the age of 148. (2007 B.C.)
- Peleg died at the age of 239. (2008 B.C.)
- Noah died at the age of 950. Noah lived after the flood
350 years and died two years before Abraham was born. (1998 B.C.)
- Terah's third son, Abraham, was born. Abraham was called
"The Father of the Faithful" and "The Friend of God."
- Haran's daughter, Milcah, was born.
- Terah's daughter, Sarah, was born.
- Haran's daughter, Iscah, was born.
- Reu died at the age of 239 years. (1978 B.C.)
- Haran's son, Lot, was born.
- Nahor and Milcah married. (Milcah was niece and wife to
- Serug died at the age of 230. (1955 B.C.)
- Sarah and Abraham married.
- Terah left Ur of the Chaldeans to go to Canaan. He stopped
short of his goal, however, and settled in the village of Haran.
- Nahor's son, Bethule, was born.
- Lot's two daughters are born.
- Terah died at the age of 205. (1921 B.C.)
- God called Abraham to leave Ur. He and Lot left and
journeyed to Canaan. They settled in Shechem (Sichem). (There are 427
years from the flood to the "Call of Abraham." In the call Abraham was
promised descendants, and that though him "all the families of the earth
will be blessed.") Genesis 12:1-3 (1921 B.C.)
- A famine drove Abraham and Lot into Egypt. (1919 B.C.)
- Abraham and Lot returned to Canaan and in 1916 they
separated. (1917 B.C.)
- The Elamites invaded Sodom. Chedoralaomer took Lot and all
the people of Sodom captive. Abraham pursued and recaptured all. He killed
the four kings. Genesis 14 (1913 B.C.)
- Hagar, Sarah's slave mistress, bore Abraham a son,
Ishmael. Ishmael lived 137 years. He fathered 12 sons and became the
father of the Arab nations.
- Arphaxad died at the age of 438. (Arphaxad talked with
Abraham 88 years.) (1908 B.C.)
- This was the beginning of the Hykso's (or Shepherd Kings
of Egypt) three dynasties. The three rulers of this century were: Set (or
Saites) for 19 years, Bnon for 40 years and Pacchnan for 36 years. This
era was termed the "Middle Empire." (1750 B.C. to 1500 B.C.)
- God repeated his promise of a son to be born to Abraham
and Sarah. The covenant of circumcision was made (the sign and seal).
Abraham's name was changed from Abram to Abraham, and Sarah's from Sarai
to Sarah. (1898 B.C.)
- Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed. Lot along with his two
daughters and wife were evacuated from the city by angels. Lot's wife
looked back, in disobedience to an expressed command, and became a pillar
of salt. (1898 B.C.)
- Sarah gave birth to Isaac in her nineties.
- Hagar and Ishmael were banished from Abraham's camp and
returned to the Euphrates River area.
- Ishmael's blood descendants formed the Arabs, but all
Moslems, including the Persians, trace ancestry back to Abraham through
- Lot's two daughters each bore a son by their father. They
were Moab, father of the Moabites, and Ben-Ammi, father of the Ammonites.
- Bethuel, son of Nahor and Milcah, fathered Laban and
- Salah died at the age of 433. Salah talked with Abraham
118 years and outlived the burning of Sodom by 19 years. (1878 B.C.)
- Sarah died. (1859 B.C.)
- The first immigration into Greece by Inachus began. Greece
was already in the possession of powerful tribes, called "The Pelasgi"
when the four immigrations of Inachus, Cecrops, Cadmus and Pelops brought
Greece into historic notice. From the earliest account of Greece to the
Trojan War (1184 B.C.) is termed "The Fabulous Age." (1856 B.C.)
- Whang-ti became Emperor of China at 12 years of age. "He
spoke as soon as weaned...discovered the use of the magnet, and made many
astonishing inventions." Chinese History (1852B.C.)
- Isaac and Rebekah married. Isaac was 40 at the time.
- Assyria, a colony from Babylonia, capital Asshur, became
independent under Ismi. Dagan (1852 B.C.)
- Shem died at the age of 600. Shem lived after the flood
502 years and after Noah 152 years. He talked with Abraham 150 years and
with Isaac 50 years. He outlived Lot's wife by 52 years. (1846 B.C.)
- Twin sons, Esau and Jacob, were born to Isaac and Rebekah.
Jacob carried on Adam, Seth, Shem and Abraham's godly family line. Esau
founded the nation of Edom. (1836 B.C.)
- Abraham died at the age of 175. (1821 B.C.)
- Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of lentils.
- God passed on Abraham's covenant promise to Isaac. Gen.
- Eber died at the age of 464 years. Eber outlived Abraham
by four years, and overlapped Isaac 79 years, and Jacob 20 years. (1817
- Egypt's "Middle Empire" continued. This century's rulers
were Staan for 50 years, Archles for 49 years, Apepi (or Apophis) the last
king, for 61 years. Joseph was chief minister of Apepi.
- Jacob moved to Mesopotamia. God passed on the covenant
promise to him.
- Ishmael died at the age of 137. (1773 B.C.)
- The second dynasty, Shang, began in China. (1756 B.C.)
- Jacob married both Leah (by trickery) and Rachel. Leah
bore Jacob six sons and one daughter. Her maid, Zilpah, whom she caused to
be a surrogate mother for her, bore Jacob two sons. Rachel bore Jacob two
sons and her maid, Bilhah, whom she caused to be a surrogate mother for
her, bore Jacob two sons. In total Jacob (Israel) had twelve sons: Reuben,
Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph
and Benjamin. The family tree is traced from Adam to the twelve sons of
Jacob, from whom sprang the "Twelve Tribes" of the Israelites. (Circa.1752
- Levi's second son, Kohath, was born. Kohath lived 133
years and was the family line through which the Levitical priesthood came.
He was a direct ancestor of Moses and Aaron. (1735 B.C.)
- Jacob was called by God to move back to Canaan. He began
his journey. On the way he wrestled with an angel who changed his name to
- Rachel died on the way back to Canaan. (1732 B.C.)
- Joseph was sent captive to Egypt at the age of seventeen.
- Isaac died at the age of 180. (1716 B.C.)
- Joseph was made governor of Egypt. (1715 B.C.)
- Jacob, now called Israel, and his family went into Egypt.
Of Jacob's children and grandchildren, sixty-six went down to Egypt. These
plus the nine wives of his sons made 75 people in all. It was 215 years
after the "Call of Abraham" that Jacob and his family moved to Egypt. Two
hundred and fifteen years later Moses led them out of Egypt and received
the Law on Mt. Sinai. Acts 7:14 and Gal. 3:17 (1706 B.C.)
- Pelasgi, from Ardacia, settled Italy (or Latium). The
Pelasgi were the primitive inhabitants of Greece and Italy and probably
belonged to the Indo-Germanic race. From the Pelasgi came the Dorians,
Aeolians and Ionians, all three being Heilenes or Greeks. (1694 B.C.)
- Jacob elevated Ephraim and Manasseh to the same status as
his sons, creating the twelve tribes of Israel (Thirteen tribes actually,
but Levi was elevated to the status of priesthood, leaving twelve to
divide up the land).
- All Babylonia was permanently united. The capital,
"Babylon the Great," for some 1700 years stood as the queen city of the
world. Pliny says, "It was the greatest city the sun ever shone upon."
"Its walls, 300 feet high and 75 feet wide, enclosed an area of 225 square
miles. Its temples, palaces, fortresses, brazen gates, quays, artificial
mountains and lakes, made it one of the Seven Wonders of the World."
- Jacob died at the age of 147. (1689 B.C.)
- Aahmes became Pharoah of Egypt. He ruled for 25 years,
expelling the Hyksos and restoring the temples. (Circa. 1655 B.C.)
- Kohath's son, Amram, was born. Amram fathered Moses, Aaron
and Miriam. (1646 B.C.)
- This was believed to be the time of the book of Job. Job,
of Idumea, an Arabian sage, was supposed by some to be identical with
Jobab who was a grandson of Easu. (Circa. 1655 B.C.)
- Levi's daughter, Jochebed, was born. (Jochebed later
became the wife of Amram and the mother of Moses, Aaron and Miriam.)
- Genesis, the Bible's first book, came to an end. Genesis
embraced 2369 years of history. The Bible's second book, Exodus, began.
- Joseph died at the age of 110. (1635 B.C.)
- Levi died. (1632 B.C.)
- Krishna flourished about this time in India.
- Amen-Hotep the First became Pharaoh of Egypt. He reigned
24 years. Horses and wheeled carts were first represented on monuments.
- Thothmes I became Pharaoh in Egypt and ruled 22 years. He
first invaded Asia.
- A little over half of Israel's 215 years in Egypt had
- Amram and Jochebed married. (Circa 1589 B.C.)
- Miriam was born to Amram and Jochebed. (Circa. 1580 B.C.)
Miraim became a prophetess and leader in the Israelite exodus.
- Thothmes II became Pharaoh of Egypt and reigned 13 years.
- Atlas, the Astronomer, came on the scene. (1588 B.C.)
- Aaron was born to Amram and Jochebed. (1574 B. C.) Aaron
lived 123 years and fathered four children. It was through Aaron's line
that the Levitical priesthood was founded.
- Hatasu became Queen of Egypt (daughter of Thothmes) and
reigned 20 years. (It is said she wore men's clothing).
- Moses was born to Amarm and Jochebed and was adopted into
the Egyptian royal court. At the age of 12 he was taken to live with the
Egyptian royal family. (Troy, Athens and Thebes were founded during the
days of Moses.) (1571 B.C.)
- Cecrops, from Egypt, founded Athens. (1556 B.C.)
- Thothmes III, The Great, became Pharoah of Egypt and
reigned 40 years. As Egypt's greatest conqueror Thothmes III, became known
as "The Egyptian Alexander." He adorned Egypt with magnificent temples and
works of art and erected the New York Obelisk. "Egypt was at her climax,
under Thothmes III. His conquests embraced the then known world of Arabia,
Syria, Assyria, Babylonia, Phoenicia, Armenia, Asia Minor, the Isles of
the Daniai (probably in the Archipelago), Cyprus, Ethiopia, Libya and
Nubia." Dr. Birch.
- Scamander founded the kingdom of Troy. Homer immortalized
its history. (1546 B.C.)
- Joshua, son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim, was born.
Joshua lived 110 years and became the leader of Israel after Moses' death.
- Moses escaped Egypt and settled in Midian. (Circa.1530
- Moses and Zipporah married.
- Aaron's sons, Nadab, Eleazar, Abihu and Ithamar were born.
- Moses' sons Gershom and Elezer were born.
- Amen-Hotep II became Pharoah of Egypt and reigned 31
- Amram died. (1509 B.C.)
- The institution of the Areopagus was founded in Greece.
- Panathenaean games began. (1495 B.C.)
- The Roman alphabet was developed. "Cadmus was said to have
brought the fifteen Phoenician letters into Greece. They gradually changed
in form, until they became the ground of the Roman letters now used in
Europe and America." Arundelian Marbles. "Cadum did first the wondrous art
devise, of painting thought and speaking to the eyes." (1493 B.C.)
- Moses saw the burning bush and was called by God to
deliver His people from Egypt. Moses arrived in Egypt. The ten plagues
occurred. The Passover was instituted. The Israelites left Egypt, loaded
with riches given them by the Egyptians. The Red Sea was crossed. The
Egyptian army was wiped out. The Law was given. The tabernacle was made.
Aaron became the first High Priest. The Theocracy, under God, began and
lasted 396 years. The book of Exodus ended its 145-year history. The Book
of Leviticus was written in one month. The book of Numbers began. The
census was taken. The camp was organized. Canaan was reached. The 12 spies
were sent out. The people murmured and were turned back into the
wilderness for 40 years. The journey in the wilderness began. Aaron died
on Mt. Hor. Eleazar succeeded Aaron as High Priest. Numbers 20:28 (1491
- Lacadaemmon married Sparta. The City of Sparta was
founded. (1490 B.C.)
- Helen came to power in Greece. (The mythical ancestor of
all the Greeks.) (1459 B.C.)
- The book of Numbers ended its 39-year history of the
wanderings of the Israelites. (Circa. 1452 B.C.)
- The twelve tribes of Israel reached the Promised Land. The
book of Deuteronomy was written in five weeks. Joshua was made the leader
of the Israelites. Moses died on Mt. Nebo at the age of 120. (Moses was
taken to heaven. Jude 1:9 and Luke 9:28-33.) Israel entered Canaan 41
years after the Exodus from Egypt. Jericho was taken and the invasion of
Palestine began. Joshua defeated the five kings of Canaan. (Joshua 10) The
book of Joshua was begun. Palestine became the home of both the Canaanites
and the Children of Israel. (1451 B.C.)
- The Book of Joshua concluded its 25-year history. Joshua
died at the age of 110. (1426 B.C.)
- This was the time of the Elders. From the death of Joshua
there was a span of 17 years before the first Judge appeared. The Elders
who outlived Joshua filled the role of leadership to Israel for a portion
of these years. Israel "served the Lord" during this time. Once these
Elders died the nation began to abandon the Theocracy. Leadership was weak
and for the most part the people did "every man what is right in his own
eyes." Judges 2:7,10, Judges 2:10-13 and Judges 21:25
- The Israelite's first servitude to Mesopotamia (Syria). It
lasted for eight years. Judges 3:1-8 (1417 B.C.)
- The first judge, Othnel, ruled for 40 years. Judges 3:9-11
(The chronology of the Judges is very uncertain because we are not told
where overlapping occurs. This is one possible alignment.) (1409 B.C.)
- Nineteenth Dynasty of Thebes. Ramesses I ruled for one
year in Egypt. (Circa. 1399 B.C.)
- Seti I (or Sesostris), Ramesses' son, began his 25-year
rule of Egypt. Seti I built the "Grand Hall of Columns" at Karnak, began
Belzoni's tomb, dug the canal from the Nile to the Red Sea and made the
"Great Table of Abydos." (Circa.1398 B.C.)
- Troas came to power in Troy. He founded the city of Troy.
- Ramseese II, The Great, son of Seti I, began his 61-year
rule of Egypt. Ramseese II was the most famous of the Egyptian kings. He
was termed the King of the Persecution. He built cities and magnificent
temples, one of which is the Rock Temple of Ipsambul with its four
Colossi, 70 feet high. He also built the great wall, 30 miles long, the
Raameseum at Thebes and introduced polygamy in Egypt. He was the father of
59 sons and 60 daughters. (Circa.1373 B.C.)
- Israel's second servitude by Elgon, king of Moab, lasted
18 years. (1369 B.C.)
- Israel's second judge was Ehud. Judges 3:30 states that
the land was at rest for 80 years after he started to rule. (Usher,
however, allowed Ehud only a 13-year span of leadership.) Judges 3:12-30.
The third judge was Shamgar. His length of service was not recorded.
Judges 3:31 (1356 B.C.)
- Israel's fourth servitude under Jaben and Sisera lasted 20
- Israel's fourth period of Judges was under the leadership
of Deborah and Barak and lasted for 40 years. Judges 4 and 5 (1338 B.C.)
- Israel's fifth servitude to Midian lasted for seven years.
- The Institution of the Isthmian Games by Sisyphus was
established. (1326 B.C.)
- Menepthah, son of Ramesses II came to power in Egypt. He
ruled 10 years. (Circa.1310 B.C.)
- Siculi, from Italy, settled Sicily. (Circa. 1293 B.C.)
- Israel's fifth Judge, Gideon, ruled for 40 years. Judges 6
- 8 (1291 B.C.)
- This was the beginning of the Twentieth Dynasty of Thebes.
Set-Net was the ruler for about 3 years. He restored order. Ramesses III,
his son, who ruled for about 35 years, succeeded him. Ramesses III is
known as the "Egyptian Solomon." He "built the Temple of Ammon at
Meoinet-Abou. He was the last of the heroic Kings of Egypt, uniting the
valor of David with the luxury of Solomon." D. S. Birch. (1280 B.C.)
- Assyria and Babylon united under Tiglathninip I, son of
Shalmaneser I. He was the first to assume the title, "King of Nations" as
king of Sumir and Akkad. (1271 B.C.)
- Tyndareus, father of Helen, became ruler of Sparta.
(Greece) (1266 B.C.)
- Temple of Apollo at Delphi was built. Argonautic
Expedition, under Jason, to Colchia was accomplished. (First Naval
Expedition on record.) (1263 B.C.)
- Palamedes invented dice. (1244 B.C.)
- Hercules (or Heracles) became ruler in Mycenae. (1240
- The time of the Book of Ruth was in progress. Ruth married
Boaz, a relative of her mother-in-law. (1256 B.C.)
- Israel's sixth Judge, Abimelech, one of Gideon's sons,
killed his brothers and appointed himself as Judge. His term lasted 3
- Israel's seventh Judge, Tola, ruled for 23 years. Judges
10:1-2 (1251 B.C.)
- Troy was captured by the Argonauts. (1239 B.C.)
- Theseus, the King in Attica, gathered his people into one
city, which he named Athens. (1234 B.C.)
- Rimmon became king of Babylon beginning its separation
from Assyria. (1230 B.C.)
- Israel's eighth Judge, Jair, ruled for 22 years. Judges
- King Theseus of Attica carried off Helen, daughter of
Tyndareus, King of Sparta. (She was rescued by Castor and Pollux, and
married to Menelaus, who succeeded Tyndareus as King of Sparta.) (1228
- Philistine and Ammonite oppression of Israel lasted for 18
- The decline of Egypt began. Art almost disappeared and
literature was wanting. (1225 B.C.)
- Priam, father of Paris, became ruler of Troy. Babylon and
Assyria became separate nations again. (1220 B.C.)
- Israel's ninth Judge, Jephthah, ruled for six years.
Judges 10:6 -12:7 (1206 B.C.)
- Israel's tenth Judge, Ibzan, ruled for seven years. Judges
12:8-10 (1200 B.C.)
- Third Dynasty, Tchou, of China began. The first sovereign
was Ven Vang (Circa. 1132 B.C.)
- Paris, son of Priam, visited Greece and carried away
Helen, wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta. Menelaus assembled the princes of
Greece with their forces, under the command of Agamemnon, the brother of
Menaiaus, and with a large armament sailed to Troy. (1194 B.C.)
- After a siege of ten years, known as the Trojan War, the
Greeks, under Agamemnon, took the city of Troy by stratagem and destroyed
it. (The Trojan horse entered history.) (1184 B.C.)
- Israel's eleventh Judge, Elon, ruled for 10 years. Judges
12:11-12 (1193 B.C.)
- Israel's twelfth Judge, Abdon, ruled for 8 years. Judges
12:13-15 (1183 B.C.)
- The seventh servitude of Israel, under the Philistines,
lasted for 40 years.
- Israel's thirteenth Judge, Samson, ruled for 20 years.
Judges 13 - 16 (1175 B.C.)
- The Book of First Samuel began its 115-year record of
history. (1171 B.C.)
- Israel's fourteenth Judge (and Priest), Eli, ruled for 40
years. 1 Samuel 1:3 and 4:18
- The Book of Judges concluded its 271-year history. (1155
- Israel's eighth servitude, under the Philistines, lasted
- Israel's fifteenth Judge, Samuel the Prophet, ruled for 20
years. 1 Samuel 3:19-21 and 4:1 (1115 B.C.)
- Sadua (or Simmas-Sipak) became King of Babylon. He ruled
for 17 years. A break of 220 years began in Babylonian history. The
biarchy of Sparta began at the death of Aristodemus, in 1100 B.C. His twin
sons succeeded him. The Twenty-first Dynasty of Tanis began in Egypt.
(????Usurpation of High Priests. Hur-Nor, High Priest of Amnon, first
ruler, 26 years.????) Egyptian history was a blank. A Chinese dictionary
containing 40,000 characters was completed by Pa-out-she. ? (1100 B.C.)
- The Theocracy ended and the Jewish Monarchy began. Saul,
son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, became the first King of Israel.
From the crossing of Jordan River and the entrance into Canaan in 1451
B.C., to King Saul in 1065 B.C., was a period of 365 years. (1095 B.C.)
- Beginning with 1080 B.C. few Assyrian inscriptions were
known for about 150 years. The Hebrew kings, David and Solomon, became
strong as Assyria became weak.
- David began writing his Psalms.
- David, son of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah, became king of
Israel. The book of First Samuel ends its 115-year history. The Book of
Second Samuel was begun. (1055 B.C.)
- David defeated the Jebusites and Jerusalem became the
capital of Israel. (1048 B.C.)
- Solomon, David's son by Bathsheba, was born. (1033 B.C.)
- Absolom revolted, was defeated and died. (1023 B.C.)
- The book of Second Samuel was concluded. Second Samuel
covered 38 years of history. First Kings, the eleventh book of the Bible,
began its 119-year history.
- Solomon, son of David, became King of Israel. His reign is
called "The Glorious Kingdom." These were Israel's greatest years. (1015
- Solomon's Temple was built.
- Solomon's books, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of
Solomon were written.
- Syria lost to Israel in 980 B.C. Hadad (or Benhadad) was
the ruler of Syria. He was hired by Asa, King of Judah, to make war on
Bassha, King of Israel.
- Solomon died. The fight for his throne resulted in the
twelve tribes of Israel dividing, creating the Great Schism. The two
southern tribes, Benjamin and Judah, maintained Jerusalem as their capital
and became the Kingdom of Judah under the ruler ship of Rehoboam. He
reigned 17 years. The Kingdom of Judah continued, with 20 kings from the
reign of Solomon, for 387 years. The ten northern tribes of Israel
revolted and became the kingdom of Israel under the ruler ship of
Jeroboam. He reigned 21 years. Israel continued, with 19 kings from the
reign of Solomon, for 254 years. Israel made Samaria its capitol. (975
- Abijah became the king of Judah. (958 B.C.)
- Asa became the king of Judah. Asa reigned 41 years and was
noted as a good and godly king. (955 B.C.)
- Nadab became the king of Israel. (954 B.C.)
- Baasha became the king of Israel. Baasha reigned 23 years.
("There was war between Asa and Baasha all their days.") 1 Kings 15:32
- Elah became the king of Israel. He reigned 10 years.
Asshur-Dayan II became the king of Assyria. (930 B.C.)
- Benhadad, son of Hadad, became the king of Syria. He was
at war with King Ahab of Israel for two years. (Circa. 925 B.C.)
- Zimri made himself king of Israel. He reigned for seven
days. (920 B.C.)
- Omri became the king of Israel. He reigned for 10 years.
- Ahab became the king of Israel. He married Jezebel and
reigned for 21 years. During this time, Elijah was the prophet in Israel.
- Jehoshaphat, son of Asa, became the king of Judah. He
reigned for 25 years. Jehoshaphat was noted as a good king. (914 B.C.)
- Benhadad besieged Samaria. A severe famine resulted.
Miraculously the Syrian army panicked and fled, producing a great plenty.
Ahaziah became the king of Israel. He reigned one year and was noted as an
evil king. (891 B.C.)
- The book of Second Kings began its 308-year record of
history. (890 B.C.)
- First and Second Chronicles appeared in this century.
First Chronicles was written in entirety, providing a genealogical history
from the Creation to the death of David in 1015 B.C. Second Chronicles
began its 427-year history, spanning from the death of David to the
captivity by Nebuchadnezzar in 588 B.C.
- Joram became the king of Israel. He reigned 12 years. (892
- Jehoram became the king of Judah. He reigned four years.
- Ahaziah became the king of Judah. He reigned one year.
- Hazael became the king of Syria. He reigned 40 years.
- Jehu became the king of Israel, reigning 27 years and
Athaliah became the queen of Judah, reigning 6 years. (984 B.C.)
- Nebo-Baladan became the king of Babylon. A boundary was
fixed by treaty with Assyria. (880 B.C.)
- Joash became the king of Judah at seven years of age,
under the guidance of Jehoiadah the High Priest. Joash reigned 39 years.
While Jehoiadah lived Joash was noted as a good king. At Jehoiadah's death
Joash turned evil. He was finally slain. (878 B.C.)
- Dido, from Tyre, sister of Pygmhlion, founded Carthage.
("Dido purchased, for her city, as much land as a bullock's hide would
enclose; then cutting it into a very fine string made it enclose a large
space.") (869 B.C.)
- Jehoahaz became the king of Israel. He reigned 16 years.
- During this time Elisha the Tishbite was a prophet in
Israel. He served for about 55 years.
- Jehoash became the king of Israel. He reigned 16 years.
- Amaziah became the king of Judah. He reigned 29 years.
- Jeroboam II became the king of Israel. He reigned 41
years. (825 B.C.)
- Caranus founded Macedon. (813 B.C.)
- Uzziah, became the king of Israel. He reigned 52 years.
- Jonah was called to preach to Nineveh. The book of Jonah
was written. (785 B.C.)
- Amos prophesied. The book of Amos was written. At this
time, according to Archbishop Usher, there was an inter-regnum of 11 years
in Israel. During this period Zechariah reigned for one year and Shallum
for one month. (784 B.C.)
- The first Olympiad was held. (July 1, 776 B.C.)
- Romulus, the founder of Rome, was born. (770 B.C.)
- Menahem became the king of Israel. He reigned for 11
- A remarkable eclipse of the sun was noted in the Assyrian
Chronological Canon. The date proved correct. (763 B.C.)
- Pekahiah became the king of Israel. He reigned two years.
- Isaiah became a prophet in Israel. The book of Isaiah
started. Isaiah prophesied for about 62 years. (760 B.C.)
- Pekah became the king of Israel. He reigned 20 years. (759
- Joel prophesied. The book of Joel was written. (758 B.C.)
- Rome was founded by Romulus. He ruled 38 years. (April 21,
- Jotham became the king of Judah. He ruled for 16 years and
"did right." (758 B.C.)
- Tiglathpileser II became the king of Assyria. He conquered
Babylon. (745 B.C.)
- Ahaz became the king of Judah. He ruled for 16 years and
"did not right." (742 B.C.)
- Anarchy reigned in Israel. (739 B.C.)
- Babylon and Assyria became one nation under Assyria.
Shalmaneser IV was king. (731 B.C.)
- Hoshea became the king of Israel. (730 B.C.)
- Hezekiah became the king of Judah. He reigned 23 years and
was noted as "good." Shalmaneaser invaded Israel. Israel, under King
Hoshea, became a tributary to Assyria. (728 B.C.)
- Hosea prophesied. He was called to reprove Israel for
their sins and idolatry and warn Judah. Hosea prophesied for 60 years.
Hoshea revolted against Assyrian domination. (725 B.C.)
- Assrya invaded Israel. (724 B.C.)
- The Ethiopian twenty-fifth Dynasty began in Egypt. Shabak
was ruler for 12 years. (723 B.C.)
- The kingdom of Israel came to an end. Samaria was taken
and Israel, comprised of the 10 northern tribes of the "Children of
Israel," was carried away into Assrya, never to return. (They disappeared
into the lands across the north, vanishing from worldview. Hence they are
called "The Lost Tribes.") (721 B.C.)
- Micah prophesied. The book of Micah was written. (710
- Media revolted against Assrya. Deioces became the king of
Media and Persia. He ruled for 53 years. (705 B.C.)
- Bablyon was destroyed and Jerusalem besieged by
Sennacherib, the king of Assryia. Nahum prophesied. The book of
- Nahum was written. (700 B.C.)
- Manasseh became the king of Judah. He reigned 55 years and
was noted as the most wicked of Judah's kings. During a short captivity
Manasseh repented of his wickedness. He was restored to his kingdom and
sought to reverse the effects of his earlier evil actions. (698 B.C.)
- Esarhaddon restored Babylon. (681 B.C.)
- Chinese historian, Sematsin, affixed the first dates to
Chinese history. King-Vang I was ruler of China. (651 B.C.)
- Amon became the king of Judah. He ruled two years and "did
evil." (643 B.C.)
- Josiah became the king of Judah. He ruled 31 years and is
noted as a "noble king." (641 B.C.)
- Zephaniah prophesied. The book of Zephaniah was written.
- Jeremiah's prophesying began. He continued for 41 years.
The book of Jeremiah started. (629 B.C.)
- Nabopolassar became the king of Babylon. Uniting with
Necho of Egypt and Cyaxares of Media, he took Nineveh and ended the
Assyrian Empire. Thales, first of the seven sages, or wise men of Greece,
suggested that the earth was round. (626 B.C.)
- Aesop was born. He lived 56 years. (620 B.C.)
- Rome flourished under Tarquin. (616 B.C.)
- Jehoahaz became the king of Judah. He ruled for three
months. Pharoah Neco of Egypt then deposed and imprisoned him, installing
his son, Jehoiakim as king. Jehoahaz was taken prisoner to Egypt where he
died. Jehoiakim became the king of Judah. He ruled for 11 years. Habakkuk
prophesied. The book of Habakkuk was written. This is the time of Sappho,
the Greek poetess. (610 B.C.)
- Babylon invaded Judah. Daniel and his fellows, and "all
the princes and all the mighty men of valor and all the craftsmen and
smiths were carried away into Babylon." Daniel arose on the prophetic
scene. His lived 72 years. The book of Daniel was started. 2 Kings
24:10-17 (606 B.C.)
- Nebuchadnezzar became the king of Babylon. He ruled 43
years. The Chaldee-Babylonian Empire extended from the Tigris River to the
Nile River. Daniel 11:38 (605 B.C.)
- Babylon again invaded Judah and took captives. (595 B.C.)
- Ezekiel prophesied. The book of Ezekiel started. (595
- Babylon invaded Jerusalem and brought Jewish independence
to an end. From this time on the Jews are under Babylon, Persia, Egypt,
Syria and Rome until 70 A.D. when they were scattered around the world. On
the tenth of Loos, Solomon's temple burned. The kingdom of Judah existed
133 years after the ten tribes, comprising the Kingdom of Israel, were
carried away into Assyria. (588 B.C.)
- Obadiah written. (587 B.C.)
- Cyrus became ruler of Media. Confucius was born in China.
He lived 88 years. (559 B.C.)
- Daniel was cast into the Lion's den. (554 B.C.)
- The Temple of Diana, the third wonder of the world, was
built at Ephesus. (552 B.C.)
- Cyrus conquered Asia Minor. A republic was established in
Carthage. (550 B.C.)
- Thespis, Greek poet and tragedian. What about him? Born?
(Circa. 549 B.C.)
- Pisistratus founded the first public library at Athens and
collected the poems of Homer. (544 B.C.)
- Cyrus conquered Babylon, setting Darius on the throne as
an under-king. The city of Babylon was 15 miles square. It had walls 350
feet high and 87 feet thick which incorporated 25 brass gates on each
side. (538 B.C.)
- Zerubbabel was sent up to Judah with 42,360 people to
rebuild the Temple. Zerubbabel was governor of Jerusalem. The book of Ezra
started its 80-year history. Pythagora, of Magna-Graecia visited Egypt.
Pythagoras discovered the forty-seventh problem, the multiplication table
and suggested ideas of which the Copernican system was the full
development. (536 B.C.)
- Cambyses became the king of Persia. (529 B.C.)
- The dynasty of the Pharaohs ended and Egypt became a
Persian Province. (527 B.C.)
- Confucius remodeled the sacred books of the Chinese. The
books of Haggai and Zechariah were written. (520 B.C.)
- Darius I became the king of the Persian Empire. (521 B.C.)
- Jeshua became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (515 B.C.)
- The ruler of Carthage made the first alliance with Rome.
- Sophocles, the dramatist was born. He lived 90 years and
wrote 113 plays. Only 7 are existent today. (495 B.C.)
- Xerxes became the king of Persia. He ruled 21 years and
was succeeded by Artabanus for 1 year. (485 B.C.)
- Herodotus was born. Herodotus was called the father of
history. He lived 84 years. (484 B.C.)
- Joiakim became High Priest in Jerusalem.
- Artaxerxes I Longimanus, (Long-hands) (also known as
Xerxes or Ahashuerus) became the king of Persia. He ruled 40 years. The
story of Esther occurred during his rule. Artaxerxes I was succeeded by
Sogdianus for 1 year. (483 B.C.)
- Euripides was born. He lived 74 years. (Oct 20, 480 B.C.)
- Socrates was born. He lived 70 years. (469 B.C.)
- Hypocrites known as the "The Father of Medicine" was born.
- Ezra was sent to govern Jerusalem. (458 B.C.)
- Nehemiah was sent to "restore and rebuild" the walls of
Jerusalem. Nehemiah 2:5-8. The book of Nehemiah started. (445 B.C.)
- Eliashib was high priest in Jerusalem. (433 B.C.)
- Plato was born. He lived 82 years. (429 B.C.)
- The book of Malachi began in 420 B.C. (Malachi was
completed in 397 B.C.)
- Egypt became free of Persian rule. The Egyptian freedom
lasted 63 years. Joiada was High Priest in Jerusalem. (413 B.C.)
- Soldiers were first paid in Rome. (406 B.C,)
- Artaxerxes II Mnemon (Memory) became the king of Persia.
- Delhi founded in India. (400 B.C.)
- The 39 books of the Old Testament ended. Four hundred
years of Biblical silence started. (397 B.C.)
- Aristotle was born. He lived 62 years. (384 B.C.)
- John was the High Priest in Jerusalem. (373 B.C.)
- Philip II became the king of Macedon. He first married
Olympias, then Cleopatra. (359 B.C.)
- Alexander III, The Great, succeeded his father at the age
of 20, as the king of Macedon. He swept across the then known world
creating the Macedonian Empire and after conquering the "world" died at
the age of 33. (336 B.C.)
- Alexander the Great defeated the city of Tyre. Alexandria,
in Egypt, the walls of which were six miles in circumference was built by
Alexander the Great. It became the residence of the Ptolemies, the Greek
sovereigns of Egypt. (332 B.C.)
- Persia fell to Alexander the Great. (330 B.C.)
- The Macedonian empire divided into: Egypt under Ptolemy I
Lagus (Reputed son of Philip, half brother of Alexander); Syria, under the
King of Phrygia, Anticonus; Cappadocia, Asia Minor, under Eumenes;
Bithynia, under Bas; Pergamus, under Lysimachus; Greece, under Cassander;
Thrace, under Lysimachus; and Macedon under, Philip Aridaeus III. (323
- Alexander was buried in Alexandria. (322 B.C.)
- Rome waged war and made conquests everywhere.
- Onias became High Priest in Jerusalem. (321 B.C.)
- Appius Claudius constructed the first Roman military road,
350 miles long and called the "Appian Way." (312 B.C.)
- Time was first divided into hours by a sundial of L.
Papirius, Cursor at Rome. (293 B.C)
- The sixth wonder of the world, the Brass Colossus of
Rhodes, was built. (290 B.C.)
- Archimedes was born. He invented, among other things, the
screw and lever. (287 B.C.)
- The Alexandrian Library was built by Plolemy-Philadelpohus.
It contained 700,000 volumes. (284 B.C.)
- The Pharos of Alexandria, the seventh wonder of the world
was built by Plolemy-Philadelphus. It was 550 feet high. (280 B.C.)
- The Forth Dynasty, Tsin, began in China. Chi-Hoang-Ti was
the first Emperor. The "Great Wall " of China was started by Chihoang-Ti.
- The first Roman fleet was built. (260 B.C.)
- The Parthian Empire is started. Arsaces was the first
ruler. "There was always a second power in the world, civilized or
semi-civilized, that in a true sense balanced Rome, acted as a
counterpoise and check, and had to be consulted or considered. That power
for nearly 300 years (64 B.C. to 225 A.D.) was Parthia." Rawlinson (250
- The "Great Wall" of China was completed. The wall was
1,500 miles long, averaging a height of 20 feet, with a tower every 300
feet. It crossed mountains 5,000 feet high. (236 B.C.)
- Hannibal became the ruler of Carthage. He ruled for 37
years. (220 B.C.)
- Hannibal defeated the Romans. (221 B.C.)
- Simon became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (217 B.C.)
- The Jewish Sanhedrin was first mentioned. ? (198 B.C.)
- The Greek Bible (Septuagint) was translated at Alexandria,
in Egypt by 70 Hebrew scholars. This translation was authorized by the
Sanhedrin in Jerusalem in order to give Jewish exiles a scripture in the
language of their exile. (? B.C.)
- Onias became the High Priest in Jerusalem. The Rosetta
stone was created. Britain appeared with Caswallon as the king. (195 B.C.)
- Jason became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (175 B.C.)
- The streets of Rome were paved. (174 B.C.)
- The first public bakery was started in Rome. (170 B.C.)
- Macedon was conquered by Rome. (168 B.C.)
- Jud was vaascant ???in Jerusalem. (165 B.C.)
- The Jews signed a treaty with the Romans. The first treaty
with the Jews on record. (161 B.C.)
- Hipparchus of Nice, Bithynia, laid the foundations of
Geographical and Astronomical Science. Elder Pliny called him "the
confidant of nature" and "Patriarch of Astronomy." He flourished between
160 B.C. and 125 B.C.
- Simon became the High Priest and governor in Jerusalem.
- Greece became a Roman province under the name of Athens.
Carthiage was taken by Scipio and became a part of Rome. (146 B.C.)
- Hyrcanus became the High Priest in Jerusalem. (136 B.C.)
- Spain became a Roman province. Pergamus became a Roman
province. (133 B.C.)
- John Hyrcanus destroyed the temple on Mount Gerizim. (130
- Hyrcanus, the High Priest of Jerusalem, took the title
"King of the Jews." (107 B.C.)
- Cicero, Roman orator and philosopher was born. He lived 63
- The government of the Maccabees began in Palestine. (The
priest Mattathias took refuge in Modin with his five sons, the Maccabees.
Mattathias gave the signal for the attack. The Hassidaeans joined him.
Judas Maccabaeus led the revolt after Mattathias died.) Janneus became the
King of the Jews. (106 B.C.)
- Britain was first known to be an island by the Romans who
sailed around it. (84 B.C.)
- Alexandra, Janneus' widow, became Queen of the Jews. 79
- The poet Virgil was born. He lived 51 years. Odin settled
Scandinavia. (70 B.C.)
- Hyrcanus became the ruler of the Jews. (69 B.C.)
- Horace, the poet was born. He lived 57 years. (65 B.C.)
- The first Triumvirate of Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey
were formed. (60 B.C.)
- Crasus invaded Parthia and was destroyed. (53 B.C.)
- The Sanhedrin took over ruler ship of the Jews. Pompey of
Rome conquered Jerusalem. (57 B.C.)
- Pompey was defeated at Pharsatia. Syria became a part of
Rome. (August 9, 48 B.C.)
- Antipater ruled the Jews. (47 B.C.)
- Ovid, "the love-poet of the Romans" was born. He lived 61
years and authored over 54 books. (46 B.C.)
- Caesar, then dictator for four years, was slain in the
Senate House by Brutus and Cassius, and fell at Pompey's statue, He
sustained 23 wounds. He was known as a great general, statesman and
warrior. (March 15, 44 B.C.)
- Octavius, Lepidus and Mark Antony formed the second
Triumvirate. (43 B.C.)
- The Roman Senate appointed Herod, an Idumean Arab, King of
Judea. He ruled for 34 years. Herod began construction of the great Jewish
Temple on Mt. Moriah in Jerusalem. (37 B.C.)
- Lepidus was expelled from the Triumvirate. (36 B.C.)
- Octavius, at Actium, defeated Cleopatra and Antony.
(September 2, 31 B.C.)
- Egypt became a Roman province. (30 B.C.)
- Octavius, being sole ruler, assumed the Imperial Purple.
- Augustus Caesar was the first Emperor of Rome. The Golden
Age of Rome started. Augustus ruled 44 years. He died August 19, 14 A.D.
- The Apostle Peter was born. Peter lived 78 years. (10
- John the Baptist was born. He was six months older then
Jesus. (? B.C.)
- Jesus Christ was born. (6-4 B.C.)
- The apostle Paul was born. He lived 63 years. (05 A.D.)
- Archelaus Coponius became Procurator of the Jews. (06
- Ambivius became Procurator of the Jews. (09 A.D.)
- Annius Rufus became Procurator of the Jews. (13 A.D.)
- Tiberius Caesar became the ruler of Rome, a rule lasting
22 and a half years. He was known as "cruel and tyrannical." (14 A.D.)
- Valerius Gratus became Procurator of the Jews. (15 A.D.)
- Pontius Pilate became Procurator of the Jews. (25 A.D.)
- Pliny the Elder was born. (23 A.D.)
- John the Baptist was beheaded. (32 A.D.)
- Jesus Christ was crucified. (The crucifixion of Jesus
occurred in either 30 A.D. or 33 A.D.)
- Agrippa became King of the Jews. Caligula became Emperor
of Rome. Historian, Flavius Josephus was born. (37 A.D.)
- Claudius Caesar became Emperor of Rome. He was known as
"timid and feeble." (41 A.D.)
- Cuspius became Procurator of the Jews. (44 A.D.)
- Tiberius became Procurator of the Jews. (? A.D.)
- Cumanus became Procurator of the Jews. (? A.D.)
- The First Council of the Apostles was held at Jerusalem.
Acts 15 (50 A.D.)
- Felix became the ruler of the Jews. The New Testament
began. Eight authors wrote twenty-seven books between 52 A.D. and 96
- Nero became Emperor of Rome. He was known as a
profligate tyrant. (54 A.D.)
- Portins Festus became the ruler of the Jews. (60 A.D.)
- The first persecution by Nero began. It lasted four
years. (64 A.D.)
- Galba became Emperor of Rome. The Apostle Paul was
martyred. (68 A.D.)
- Vespasian became Emperor of Rome. He had a happy and
prosperous 10-year reign. (69 A.D.)
- Titus took Jerusalem with an army of 60,000. This was
the most horrible suffering experienced since the world began. One
million, one hundred thousand perished. Men were crucified until wood
for crosses was no longer found. (September 8, 70 A.D.)
- Titus, the son of Vespasian became Emperor of Rome. (79
- Flavius Domitian became Emperor of Rome. He was noted as
the last of the 12 Caesars. He ruled 15 years. (81 A.D.)
- The second persecution by Domitian lasted until 96 A.D.
- The apostle John was banished to Patmos. (95 A.D.)
- Nerva became Emperor of Rome. The last of the New
Testament books were completed. (96 A.D.)
- Trajan, known as "the great sovereign," became Emperor
of Rome. During Trajan's 19-year rule the Roman Empire was at its
greatest extent. (98 A.D.)
- Justin the Martyr was born at Sychar in Samaria. (100
- The third persecution, by Trajan, started 106 A.D. and
lasted until 107 A.D.
- Trajan's Column was built. It was140 feet high. (114
- Adrian became Emperor of Rome. He rebuilt Jerusalem,
placing the Temple of Jupiter on the site of Solomon's Temple. He also
visited Britain. (117 A.D.)
- Adrian's Wall was built from the Rhine River to the
Danube River. (121 A.D.)
- Claudius Galenus, (or Galen) a celebrated Greek
Physician was born. "He wrote 500 books on Medicine and 250 on other
subjects." Suidas (130 A.D.)
- The festival of Christmas began to be observed. (137
- Titus Antoninus Pius became Emperor of Rome. He was
eminent for his virtues and his prosperous and equitable reign. (138
- Ashcled (Dublin, Ireland) was built. (140 A.D.)
- Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and L. Verus became Emperors
of Rome. (Gibbon's Rome begins with the two Antonines.) (161 A.D.)
- The fourth persecution, by Aurelius, started in 166 A.D.
and lasted until 177 A.D.
- Christian missionaries preached in Britain with success.
- Lucius, the first Christian king, ruled in Britain. He
founded the Archbishopric of York (Bede). (179 A.D.)
- Commodus became Emperor of Rome. He was known as
profligate and cruel. In his reign civilization, morals and religion
declined. Pertinax proposed reforms and was murdered by the Praetorian
Guards, of whom Julianus bought the throne. (Pertinax ruled 3 months,
Julianus 5 months and was then murdered.) (180 A.D.)
- The Scots invaded Britain. Oppian, a Greek poet was
born. During his 30-year life span he wrote 5 books on fishing and 4
books on hunting. (183 A.D.)
- The Vandal Tribes increased in power and number. (190
- Septimius Severus became Emperor of Rome. He was known
as a "brave man." He visited Britain and built a wall at York and died
there. His rule lasted 18 years. (192 A.D.)
- The fifth persecution, by Severus, started in 200 A.D.
and ended in 211 A.D.
- Beta was Emperor of Rome for 1 year. (211 A.D.)
- Caracalla was Emperer of Rome for 6 years. (212 A.D.)
- Macrtnus was Emperor of Rome for 1 year. (217 A.D.)
- Helogabalus was Emperor of Rome for 4 years. He was
known as "Wanton, extravagant, depraved, and horribly cruel." (218 A.D.)
- Persia revolted and overthrew Parthia. (220 A.D.)
- Alexander Severus was Emperor of Rome for 13 years.
Alexander made reforms. He was murdered. (222 A.D.)
- Maximinus was Emperor of Rome. He conducted the sixth
persecution, which lasted from 235 A.D. to 237 A.D.
- Gordian III was Emperor of Rome for 6 years. (238 A.D.)
- Sapor became ruler of Persia. He defeated the Romans and
flayed Valerian. (240 A.D.)
- Philip became Emperor of Rome and ruled for 5 years.
- Seven missionaries enter Gaul. (245 A.D.)
- Decius became Emperor of Rome. (249 A.D.)
- There was a Gothic invasion in the reign of Decius.
During the seventh persecution Decius proposed to extirpate Christianity
from the earth by sword and fire, wild beasts, the wheel, red-hot iron
chairs, and every variety of torture, which the most exquisite cruelty
could invent and conducted. The seventh persecution lasted from 250 A.D.
to 253 A.D.
- Gallus became Emperor of Rome. (? A.D.)
- Aemilius became Emperor of Rome and lasted 3 months. He
was murdered. (? A.D.)
- The Romans were defeated at "Abrutum." Decius and his
sons were slain by the Goths, led by Ostrogotha. (251 A.D.)
- Valerian became Emperor of Rome and ruled 7 years. He
conducted the eighth persecution which lasted from 257 A.D. to 260 A.D.
Valerian was taken prisoner by Sapor, the ruler of Persia, and flayed.
- The Empire was greatly distressed. Barbarians invaded it
on all sides. (255 A.D.)
- Gallienus became Emperor of Rome and ruled for 15 years.
- Vast hordes of the Heruli traversed Italy. (263 A.D.)
- Claudius became Emperor of Rome and lasted 2 years. (268
- Aurelian became Emperor of Rome and lasted 5 years. (270
- The ninth persecution, by Aurelian, started. Tacitus
became Emperor of Rome. He ruled 6 months and was murdered. Florian
became Emperor and was murdered. (275 A.D.)
- Probus became Emperor of Rome. He ruled for 6 years. He
was noted as "good." (? A.D.)
- Carus became Emperor of Rome. (282 A.D.)
- Diocletian became Emperor of Rome and the "Era of the
Martyrs" began. (Or the "Diocletian Era.") Diocletian ruled for 21 years
and conducted the last and worst of Imperial Rome's persecutions.
(August 29, 284 A.D.)
- Constantius became Emperor of Rome and ruled for 1 year.
- Constantine the Great became Emperor of Rome. He was
known as the first "Christian" Emperor. Constantine made Constantinople
the capital of Rome. (306 A.D.)
- Constantine's conversion came by a vision of a luminous
cross in the sky. (313 A.D.)
- First Ecumenical Council was held. It was called by
Constantine, Emperor of Rome, and held at Nice, Bithynia. Present were
318 Bishops and 2,048 Ecclesiastics. The "Nicene Creed" was formed at
this council. (325 A.D.)
- Heathen temples in Rome were destroyed. (331 A.D.)
- Three emperors ruled Rome: Constantine II, Constans and
Constantius II. (337 A.D.)
- Julian ruled Rome. He publicly abandoned Christianity
and adopted paganism. (361 A.D.)
- Byian became Emperor of Rome. (? A.D.)
- Valens ruled the Eastern Empire of Rome. Valentinian I
and his son Cratian became rulers of the Western Empire of Rome. (364
- There was a terrible invasion of the Huns at this time.
- Valentinian II became ruler of the Western Empire of
Rome. (375 A.D.)
- Theodosius I became ruler of the Eastern Empire of Rome.
He began a 4-year campaign against the Goths. Theodosius pulled down the
statues of the heathen gods. (379 A.D.)
- The Second Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople
from May to July. Three hundred fifty Bishops attended. (381 A.D.)
- In 395 A.D., Theodosius officially divided the Roman
Empire into the Greek or Eastern Empire with the capital at
Constantinople, and the Roman or Western Empire with capitals at Milan
and Ravenna. The "Eastern" or "Byzantine" Empire lasted 1058 years, from
395 A.D. to 1453 A.D. and was ruled by about 90 emperors.
- Visogothic Spain emerged under Pharamond the chief of
the Frank Tribes. (406. A.D.)
- Belgium revolted from Rome and all Germany was in motion
for independence. (409 A.D.)
- Alaric and Goths were in Rome. (The "Vandal Hordes" of
the north pour down upon falling Rome.) (410 A.D.)
- There was a total withdrawal of Romans soldiers from
Britain when the Picts and Scots invaded from the north. The Saxons were
invited over to assist in expelling them and gradually took possession
of the country. The Saxon Heptarchy was formed, and existed until Egbert
formed the kingdom of England in 827 A.D. The country was called Britain
and the people were called Britons. (426 A.D.)
- The Third Ecumenical Council was held at Ephesus. (431
- St. Patrick arrived in Ireland. (432 A.D.)
- The immense empire of the Huns, under Attila and Bleda,
ravaged Europe, sacking and pillaging over 70 cities. (433 A.D.)
- The Fourth Ecumenical Council at was held at Chalcedon.
- The "Middle Ages" began and the rise of the feudal
system. There was a Feudal Alliance between Odoacer, king of the Western
Empire and Euric. Euric formally resigned his provinces and received
them again as fiefs of Rome. (476 A.D. or 477 A.D.)
- The Ostrogoths invaded the Western Empire under
Theodoric the Great. One third of the lands were given to his 500,000
troops. He married Clovis' sister. The Roman or Western Empire came
under the Ostrogothic monarchy of Italy with capitals at Ravenna and
Verona. (493 A.D.)
- St. Augustine arrived in England with 40 monks. He was
sent by Gregory the Great. (596 A.D.)
- The Lombard Kingdom of Italy began. The Lombards (of
Vandal origin, from the north), under Alboin, took over the Ostrogothic
monarchy of Italy. The Ostrogothic nation disappeared from history. (568
- Mahomet was born. (569 or 70 A.D.)
- The Fifth Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople.
- Mahomet commenced preaching. The Koran was written. (610
- Olaf became King of Norway. (630 A.D.)
- The Sixth Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople.
(November 7, 680 A.D. to February 28, 681 A.D.)
- Mahometan Spain emerged under Emirs. (714 A.D.)
- During the Battle of Tours, Charles Martel defeated the
Saracens and saved Europe from Asiatic civilization. (October 10, 732
- Papal Rome began. Astolphus, King of Italy, surrendered
the Exarchate (or Reavenna) to Pepin in 755 A.D. He gave it to Stephen
III who thus obtained civil power. Naples, Sicily and Lower Italy were
retained by the Eastern Empire. (755 A.D.)
- Pope Paul I governed the church from Rome for 10 years.
- Charlemagne (Charles the Great, son of Pepin) came to
power in Europe. He was considered a great prince. He was the strongest
and tallest man of his time, but plain in dress and diet. Pope Stephen
governed the church from Rome for 4 years. (768 A.D.)
- The Seventh Ecumenical Council was held at Nice,
Bithynia from September 24 to October 23, 350 A.D. Bishops attend. They
were against the Iconoclasts.??? Image Breakers (787 A.D.)
- Sweden emerged under Ragnor Lodbrog. (790 A.D.)
- Denmark emerged under Sigurd. (794 A.D.)
- Pope Leo III governed the church from Rome for 20 years.
- Pope ? and Pope Pascal I governed the church from Rome
for 7 years. (816 A.D.)
- Pope Eugenius governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Pope Gregory IV governed the church from Rome for 16
years. (827 A.D.)
- Pope Sergius governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Pope Leo IV governed the church from Rome for 6 years.
- Pope Benediot III governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (853 A.D.)
- Pope Nicholas governed the church from Rome for 9 years.
- Tai Tsong became Emperor of China. (Irruption of 200,000
Tarters?????) Ruric, a Varangian Chief established the first government
of Russia. (762 A.D.)
- Pope Adrian II governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (867 A.D.)
- The Eighth Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople
from Oct. 5, 869 A.D. to Feb. 28, 870 A.D.
- Pope John VIII governed the church from Rome for 10
years. (872 A.D.)
- Two Popes governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Pope Stephen VI governed the church from Rome for 6
years. (885 A.D.)
- Pope Formosus governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Seven Popes governed from Rome for 9 years beginning in
900 A.D .
- Europe was beginning to take shape as it is today.
France, Austria and Germany grew strong.
- Pope Sergius III governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (905 A.D.)
- Two Popes governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
Normandy broke away from France under the leadership of Robert, First
Duke of Normandy. (911 A.D.)
- Chivalry commenced. The knights swore to be true to
their trusts as the champions of God and the ladies. Chivalry flourished
from the eleventh to the fifteenth century. (912 A.D.)
- Pope John XI governed the church from Rome for 5 years.
- Pope Leo VII governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Pope Stephen IX governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (939 A.D.)
- Pope Marin II governed the church from Rome for 4 years.
- Pope Agapetus II governed the church from Rome for 10
years. (946 A.D.)
- Pope John XII governed the church from Rome for 8 years.
- Pope John XIII governed the church from Rome for 8
years. (964 A.D.)
- Pope Benedict VII governed the church from Rome for 10
years. (973 A.D.)
- Pope John XIV governed the church from Rome for 2 years.
- Pope John XVI governed the church from Rome for 10
years. (986 A.D.)
- Poland became a kingdom. (992 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory V governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (996 A.D.)
- Venice became independent of the Eastern Empire and
acquired Dalmatian and Istria. (997 A.D.)
- Pope Sylvestor governed the church from Rome. (? A.D.)
- Pope John XVIII governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (1004 A.D.)
- Pope Bergius IV governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (1009 A.D.)
- Pope Benedict VIII governed the church from Rome for 12
years. (1012 A.D.)
- Pope John XIX governed the church from Rome for 9 years.
- Mahometan Spain was divided into the independent states
of Cordove, Granada, Seville, etc. (1031 A.D.)
- Pope Benedict IX governed the church from Rome for 12
years. (1033 A.D.)
- William II, "The Conqueror," became ruler of Normandy.
- Pope ? governed the church from Rome for 3 years. (?
- Pope Leo IX governed the church from Rome for 6 years.
- Pope Viotor II governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (1054 A.D.)
- Pope Nicholas II governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (? A.D.)
- Pope Alexander II governed the church from Rome for 12
years. (1061 A.D.)
- Peter the Hermit began preaching for Holy Wars. (These
were Christian wars against Islamic control of Jerusalem.) A red cross
was worn on the right shoulder. The French word for cross was Croisade
hence Crusade. (1064 A.D.)
- England was taken by Normandy. William I became ruler.
Many significant changes were made. William I "The Conqueror" ruled 21
years. (1064 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory VII governed the church from Rome for 12
years. (1073 A.D.)
- William the Conqueror and his son started building the
Tower of London. (1078 A.D.)
- Pope Victor III governed the church from Rome for 3
years. (1085 A.D.)
- Pope Urban II governed the church from Rome for 12
years. (1088 A.D.)
- Portugal gained strength during the 17-year rule of
Count Henry. Portugal underwent the same changes as Spain after the fall
of Rome. The Goths and then the Saracens overran Portugal. (1095 A.D.)
- The Crusades began. Eight Crusades were conducted. The
first lasted from 1096 A.D. to 1099 A.D. Three hundred thousand men were
blessed by Pope Urban II and commanded by King Godfrey. (1096 A.D.)
- Pope Pascal II governed the church from Rome for 19
years. Crusaders captured Jerusalem and gave Christians control of the
holy city. (1099 A.D.)
- Pope Ceiastus II governed the church from Rome for 1
year. Thomas A. Becket, High Chancellor, Archbishop of Canterbury was
born. (1117 A.D.)
- Pope Calixtus II governed the church from Rome for 5
years. The Ninth Council, (First Lateran), was held from March 18, 1118
A.D. to April 28, 1118 A.D.
- The Right of Investiture was settled by treaty between
Pope Calixtus II and Emperor Henry V. (1118 A.D.)
- Pope Honorius II governed the church from Rome for 6
years. (1124 A.D.)
- Pope Innocent II governed the church from Rome for 14
years. (1130 A.D.)
- The Tenth Council, (Second Lateran), was held starting
April 20, 1130 A.D.
- Pope Celestine II governed the church from Rome for 1
year. (1143 A.D.)
- Pope Eugenius III governed the church from Rome for 8
years. (1144 A.D.)
- The Second Crusade started. War was preached by St.
Bernard and headed by Conrad II and Louis VII. (1147 A.D.)
- Pope Adrian IV governed the church from Rome for 6
years. (1153 A.D.)
- The Leaning Tower of Pisa was built. It reached 188 feet
high. A cathedral was built nearby. (1154 A.D.)
- The Bank of Venice was established. George built the
city of Moscow. (1157 A.D.)
- Pope Alexander III governed the church from Rome for 22
years. (1159 A.D.)
- Pope Lucius III governed the church from Rome for 4
years. (? A.D.)
- Genghis Khan founded the Mongul Empire. (An alternate
spelling is Zengis Khan.) Zengis-Khan was one of the bloodiest
conquerors of the world. Fourteen million people perished by his sword,
under the pretense of establishing the worship of "One God and Mahomet
as his Prophet." (1164 A.D. or 1214 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory VIII governed the church from Rome for 2
- Pope Clement II governed the church from Rome for 4
years. (? A.D.)
- The Eleventh Council, (Third Lateran), was held from
March 5-19, ?
- Saladin recaptured Jerusalem during the Second Crusade
returning the city to Islamic rule. (1187 A.D.)
- The Third Crusade was "glorious but fruitless." Fred
Barbarossa, Philip II and Richard I were involved in the Third Crusade.
- Pope Celestini III governed the church from Rome for 7
years. (1191 A.D.)
- The Fourth Crusade began in 1195 A.D. and ended in 1197
- Pope Innocent III governed the church from Rome for 18
years. (1198 A.D.)
- The Fifth Crusade started. Baldwin, Count of Flanders,
took Constantinople. (1203 A.D.)
- Zengis Khan took Central Asia. (1206 A.D.)
- Zengis Khan took Northern China. (1214 A.D.)
- The Twelfth Council, Fourth Lateran, was held from Nov.
11-30, 1215 A.D.)
- Pope Honorius III governed the church from Rome for 11
years. (1216 A.D.)
- The Westminster Abbey was built. (1220 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory IX governed the church from Rome for 14
years. Cardinal Hugo divided the Bible into chapters. (1227 A.D.)
- During the Sixth Crusade, Emperor Frederick II took
Jerusalem into a truce for 10 years. (1228 A.D.)
- Pope Innocent IV governed the church from Rome for 13
years. (1241 A.D.)
- The Thirteenth Council was held at Lyons from June 28 to
July 17, 1245 A.D.
- During the Seventh Crusade, Louis IX was defeated and
taken prisoner. (1248 A.D.)
- Pope Alexander IV governed the church from Rome for 7
years. (1254 A.D.)
- The Mongols, under Kublai Khan took over China. Kublai
Khan ruled 34 years. Stockholm was founded in Sweden. (1260 A.D.)
- Pope Urban IV governed the church from Rome for 3 years.
- Pope Clement IV governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (1264 A.D.)
- There was a papal vacancy for two years. (1269 A.D.)
- The Eighth Crusade started in 1270 A.D. Louis IX died at
Carthage. Edward I followed him. Christians were driven out of Syria in
- Pope Gregory X governed the church for 5 years. (1271
- The Fourteenth Council was held at Lyons from May 7 to
June 11. There was a temporary union of Greek and Latin churches. (1274
- Four Popes governed the church from Rome for 4 years.
- Pope Martin IV governed the church from Rome for 5
years. Roger Bacon invented spectacles, glass mirrors and magnifying
glasses. (1280 A.D.)
- Pope Honorius IV governed the church from Rome for 2
years. (1285 A.D.)
- Pope Nicholas IV governed the church from Rome for 5
years. (1287 A.D.)
- Pope Celestine V governed the church from Rome for 2
years. (1294 A.D.)
- Pope Boniface VIII governed the church from Rome for 9
years. (129? A.D.)
- Chimneys and window glass began to be introduced in
London. (1300 A.D.)
- Cannons were used at Gibraltar. (1308 A.D.)
- The Fifteenth Council was held at Vienna. (1311-1312
- The oldest clock known was put up in this year. It is
now in Dover Castle. (1348 A.D.)
- M. Schwarts invented gunpowder. (1320 A.D.)
- John Wickliffe was born inYorkshire. (1324 A.D.)
- Pope Clement V governed the church for 10 years. (130?
- There was a vacancy in the papacy for two years. (1314
- Pope John XXII governed the church for 19 years. (1316
- Pope Benedict XII governed the church. (1335 A.D.)
- Pope Clement VI governed the church for 10 years. (1342
- Pope Innocent VI governed the church for 10 years. (1352
- Pope Urban V governed the church for 8 years. (1362
- Pope Gregory XI governed the church for 7 years. (1370
- Pope Urban VI governed the church for 11 years. (1378
- Wickliffe's Bible was translated. (1380 A.D.)
- Pope Boniface IX governed the church for 15 years. (1389
- John Gutenberg was born. He created the first movable
types. Air guns and muskets were invented. (1400 A.D.)
- Pope Innocent VII governed the church. (1404 A.D.)
- There were two Popes in the next 4 years. (1406 A.D.)
- The Sixteenth Council was held at Pisa. (1409 A.D.)
- Pope John XXIII governed the church for 6 years. (1410
- The Seventeenth Council was held at Constance. (1414-18
- Pope Martin V governed the church for 15 years. (1416
- The first saw mill began to operate. Initially they were
violently opposed to it in England. (1420 A.D.)
- Pope Eugenius IV governed the church. Joan of Arc was
burned at the stake on May 31. (1431 A.D.)
- The Eighteenth Council was held at Basle. (1439 A.D.)
- Pope Nicholas V governed the church for 8 years. (1447
- Gutenberg invented the printing press. (1448 A.D.)
- Pope Calixtus III governed the church for 3 years. (1455
- Pope Pius II governed the church for 6 years. (1458
- Pope Paul II governed the church for 7 years. (1464
- Erasmus born was born. He lived 69 years. (1467 A.D.)
- Pope Sixtus IV governed the church for 13 years.
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey was born. He lived 59 years. (1471 A.D.)
- Michael Angelo, architect of "St. Peter's Cathedral,"
and celebrated painter was born. He lived 89 years. (1474 A.D.)
- Printing was introduced in England. The first watch was
introduced in Nuremberg. (1477 A.D.)
- The "Czars" of Russia ruled from 1482 A.D. to 1698 A.D.
- Martin Luther was born in German. He lived 63 years.
Raphael, the painter, was born. He lived 37 years. (1483 A.D.)
- Pope Innocent VIII governed the church for 8 years.
- Pope Alexander VI governed the church for 11 years.
- Columbus discovered the American continent. He crossed
the ocean in the "Santa Maria," and discovered San Salvador on Friday,
October 12. (1492 A.D.)
- Columbus discovered the main continent. (1498 A.D.)
- The Portuguese settled in India. (1502 A.D.)
- Pope Julius II governed the church for 10 years. (1503
- John Knox of Scotland was born. He lived 67 years. (1505
- Julius commenced building St. Peter's Cathedral at Rome.
- Pope Leo X governed the church for 9 years. (1513 A.D.)
- Luther, a Catholic priest in Germany, broke from the
Roman Catholic Church, and posted his " 95 thesis" on the church door.
Luther decreed salvation by faith alone. He stated that theological
rules couldn't save. He nullified church sacraments. Luther put the
Bible above both church and Pope as highest authority on earth. He
decreed the right of individual interpretation of scripture. He rejected
the Greek Old Testament and declared its books invalid. (1517 A.D.)
- Luther went to the Diet at Worms in 1521 A.D.
- Pope Adrian VI governed the church for 1 year. (1522
- Pope Clement VIII governed the church for 11 years.
Denmark and Norway separated from Sweden. (1523 A.D.)
- The Lutheran Protest was drawn up and Protestant
churches were born. (1529 A.D.)
- The first Protestant creed was written at Augsburg in
Bavaria. The spinning wheel was invented at Brunswick. (1530 A.D.)
- Pope Paul III governed the church for 15 years. (1534
- The Catholic Council of Trent (1545-1563) tried to
reform the Roman Catholic Church and quell the protest, but to no avail.
This Vatican Council decreed faith necessary, but retained church
sacraments as essential components of the Christian religion. (1545
- Pope Julius III governed the church for 6 years. (1549
- Robert Stephens sectioned the Bible into verses. (1551
- There were two Popes in the next 4 years. (1555 A.D.)
- Pope Pius IV governed the church for 6 years. (1559
- Fierce religious wars were waged between all the
burgeoning new faiths spread throughout Europe. Those seeking freedom
from the European religious turmoil speeded up colonization of America.
Democracy (An ancient Greek form of rule by the people) was
rediscovered. (1563 A.D.)
- Sir Edward Coke, Attorney General, who wrote The Oracle
of English Law, was born. (1551 A.D.)
- Akbar, the greatest prince of India began his 49-year
reign. (1556 A.D.)
- Sir Francis Bacon of England was born. He lived 65
years. (1561 A.D.)
- Galileo, the astronomer, was born. He lived 78 years.
William Shakespeare was born. He lived 52 years. (1564 A.D.)
- Pope Pius V governed the church for 7 years. (1565 A.D.)
- Bishop's Bible was created. (1568 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory XIII governed the church for 13 years.
- Pope Sixtus V governed the church for 5 years. (1585
- Pope Clement VIII governed the church for 13 years.
- Pope Paul V governed the church for 16 years. (1603
- The Dutch discovered Australia. (1606 A.D.)
- Jamestown, Virginia became the first settlement of the
"New World." (1607 A.D.)
- John Milton, a poet from England, was born. He lived 66
years. (1608 A.D.)
- The Authorized King James Version of the Holy Bible was
published. (1611 A.D.)
- Wm. Harvey, M.D. of England discovered the double
function of the heart in sending out blood from the left side, through
the arteries, over the whole body, and in receiving it back by the veins
to the right side, whence it is propelled into the lungs, and made pure
and again fit for use. (1619 A.D.)
- Pope Gregory XV governed the church for 2 years. (1621
- Pope Urban VIII governed the church for 21 years. (1623
- The first newspaper, The Gazette De France, was first
issued. (It is still in circulation today.) (1631 A.D.)
- John Locke of England was born. He lived 72 years.
Spinoza of Amsterdam was born. He lived 45 years. (1632 A.D.)
- Sir Isaac Newton of England was born. He lived 85 years.
He discovered the law of gravitation in 1666. (1642 A.D.)
- Pope Innocent X governed the church for 11 years. (1642
- Pope Alexander VII governed the church for 12 years.
- Pope Clement IX governed the church for 3 years. (1655
- Pope Clement X governed the church for 6 years. (1670
- Pope Innocent XI governed the church for 13 years. (1676
- George Handel was born. He lived 75 years. (1684 A.D.)
- Pope Alexas VIII governed the church for 2 years. (1689
- Pope Innocent XII governed the church for 9 years. (1691
- The Bank of England commenced business on January 1.
- Pope Clement XI governed the church for 21 years. (1700
- Pope Innocent XIII governed the church for 3 years.
- Pope Benedict XIII governed the church for 6 years.
- Wickliffe's New Testament was printed. (1731 A.D.)
- WM. Herschel was born in Hanover, Germany. He lived 84
years. (1738 A.D.)
- Pope Benedict XIV governed the church for 18 years.
- James Watt discovered the power of steam. (1750 A.D.)
- Ben. Franklin discovered the identity of lightening and
electricity. Lightening rods were used thereafter. (1752 A.D.)
- Amadeus Mozart of Germany was born. He lived 36 years.
- Pope Clement XIII governed the church for 11 years.
- Pope Clement XIV governed the church for 6 years. (1763
- Beethoven was born. He lived 57 years, primarily in
Vienna. (1770 A.D.)
- The Constitutional Congress in America, led by Thomas
Jefferson, restated a "Rule of Democracy." Pope Pius VI governed the
church for 25 years. (1775 A.D.)
- The United States of America was founded. (1776 A.D.)
- England loses the American Colonies. (1783 A.D.)
- The first mail delivered by coaches left London for
Bristol, August 2, 1784 A.D.
- Napoleon came to power and took the Pope prisoner.
(February 15, 1798 A.D.)
- Tippoo Saib, the last Sultan of India, was killed May 4.
The English, after long wars, controled India. (1799 A.D.)
- ?Pope Pius VII was head of the church for 23 years.
- The first passenger steamboat, The Clermont, performed
its maiden voyage on the Seine River. (August 19, 1803 A.D.)
- Napoleon Bonaparte became Emperor of France. (1804 A.D.)
- Gaslight was introduced in London on August 16, 1807
- Nobel invented dynamite. (1808 A.D.)
- Napoleon was banished from England after the Battle of
Waterloo. (June 18, 1815 A.D.)
- Joseph Smith introduced the Book of Mormon. (1817 A.D.)
- Pope Leo XII headed the church for 6 years. (1823 A.D.)
- The first railway opened in England on September 27,
- Pope Pius VIII headed the church for 2 years. (1829
- Pope Gregory XIV headed the church for 15 years. He was
known as "one of the greatest Pontiffs." (1831 A.D.)
- Joseph Smith founded The Mormon Church in Fayette, N.Y.
- Protestants of various fellowships experienced the
"Great Disappointment." They expected the Second Coming of Christ to
occur. (October 22, 1844 A.D.)
- Daguerre took first photograph. (1839 A.D.)
- Pope Pius IX headed the church. Wickliffe's Old
Testament was printed. (1848 A.D.)
- The first Atlantic cable was laid in 1858 A.D. (It
became faulty and ceased to transmit messages. "The Great Easterb"
successfully laid a new cable in 1866 A.D.
- ????Victor Emanuel (1861 A.D.)
- The Twentieth Council, First Vatican, met on Dec. 8,
- The Suez Canal opened in November. (1869 A.D.)
- The Italian Army, September 20, 1870 A.D, took Rome.
- D.E. Hughes invented the microphone. Professor A.D. Sell
and T.E. Edison invented the telephone. Edison invented the phonograph.
- Lighting by electricity began to be used. (1878 A.D.)
- Gottleb Daimer invented the internal combustion engine.
Karl Benz pioneered the engine for automobiles. (1885 A.D.)
- The Olympic games reappeared in the world. They had been
absent since the Roman emperor, Theodosus, canceled them and closed
their associated pagan temples in 396 A.D. (1500 years earlier) (1896
- Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United
States. (1901 A.D.)
- Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first manned, powered
flight on December 17, 1903 A.D.
- A comet struck Russia. Thousands of miles of forest were
leveled. (1908 A.D.)
- Germany led the planet into World War I. (1914 A.D.)
- British, Allenby, captured Jerusalem. Islamic rule in
Palestine ended as the Turkish Ottoman Empire was destroyed. The Balfour
Treaty allowed Jews to return to the Holy Land ending an eighteen
hundred year lockout. On May13, the first Fatima vision occurred. On
Oct. 25, the Communists seized power in Russia and set up a secular,
anti-Christ state. The United States of America declared war on Germany.
- John Logie Baird demonstrated television. January 26,
- Mussolini signed a treaty that officially separated
church and state. It also secularized Italy and relegated the church to
a tiny defined area of sovereignty in Rome. Thus Vatican City was
formed. This action fundamentally cancelled the final remnants of
Theodosus' decree, even in the Roman capitol itself. The
- Great Depression swept the world. (1929 A.D.)
- Adolph Hitler led Germany and the world into the Second
World War. The "Jewish Holocaust" began. Hitler and his forces
systematically executed at least nine million Jews over the next 6
years. (1939 A.D.)
- Japan made World War II almost global by attacking the
West at Pearl Harbor and assaulting Southeast Asia. This was the first
major Eastern attack on Western civilization in almost a thousand years.
The United States declared war on Germany and Japan. (1941 A.D.)
- The Atom Bomb was invented and dropped on two Japanese
cities by the United States. World War II and the Jewish Holocaust came
to an end. (1945 A.D.)
- In the battle for the secular post-war management of the
world a "Cold War" began pitting communism against democracy. Atomic
energy scientists alerted the world civilization to the "doomsday
clock," with hands near midnight. (1947 A.D.)
- The Jewish nation of Israel was founded by a United
Nations' mandate. (1948 A.D.)
- The Communists launched a war in Korea. (1950 A.D.)
- The Hydrogen bomb was invented. Several bombs were
exploded in the South Pacific. Thousands of bombs were stockpiled in
underground silos as part of a massive arms race with the Soviet Union.
- The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists advanced the hands on
its "doomsday clock" up to two minutes before midnight. (1953 A.D.)
- John F. Kennedy, President of the United States was
assassinated. (November 22,1963 A.D.)
- The Gulf of Tonkin incident led the United States into
the Vietnam War. (1964 A.D.)
- A Drug crisis swept America. Millions of youth began
using marijuana, heroin, LSD, etc. (1966 A.D.)
- U.S. astronauts land on the moon. (1969 A.D.)
- An AIDS plague began. On May 13, a professional Turkish
gunman shot and wounded the Pope in St. Peter's Square. (1981 A.D.)
- A world drug crisis continued to mount. "Crack" cocaine
use and urban crime became rampant. (1981 A.D.)
- The Gulf War broke out. (1991 A.D.)
- Communism crumbled in the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union
was dissolved and the struggle toward a stable democracy began. The
Berlin Wall came down as Eastern Europe ended the Cold War. (1992 A.D.)
- The United Nations' Science Council Report warned of
catastrophic effects across the world during the next hundred years as
global warming rapidly accelerates. Scientists said that advancing tides
caused by polar ice cap melting during this period would inundate most
of the world's coastal cities. Holes in the ozone layer continue to
widen as sun-induced skin cancer reaches near-epidemic proportions
worldwide. (1995 A.D.) The President of Russia led Easter mass in
resurrected Moscow church. (April 14, 1996 A.D.)
- Belarus and Russia agreed to unite their countries into
a single state. The Pacific Ocean's greatest "El Nino" current wreaked
havoc on earth, producing mammoth fires, famine and drought in many
places with huge floods in others. (1998 A.D.)
- The world population topped 6 billion people. Hate
crimes increased. Mass shootings occurred in schools, churches and
synagogues. There were great earthquakes in Turkey and Taiwan that left
thousands dead. Wars and rumors of war continued unabated that included
Kosovo, Indonesia, Somalia, Chechnya and Iraq. On September 10, the year
5760 in the Jewish calendar began. (Two hundred and forty years remain
until the year 6000 i.e., until the "seventh day" of Hebrew religious
history, begins.) (1999 A.D.)
- A giant earthquake hit India killing tens of thousands.
(February 2001 A.D.)
- Terrorists attack America. Thousands were killed as
airliners were flown into the World Trade Center in New York City and
the Pentagon in Washington D.C. This led to a war against terrorism and
a direct attack by the United States on Afghanistan who harbored the
terrorists. (September 11, 2001 A.D.)